Coriander is native to South-Eastern Europe and grown extensively all over Europe, the Middle East, China, India, and Turkey. In the West is it is recognized as Cilantro. This herbaceous plant grows up to 2 feet in height with branching stems, featuring deep green soft, hairless bi or tri-lobed leaves. The mature plant bears small light pink colored flowers that subsequently turn into globular or oval-shaped fruits (seeds). The seeds measure about 4-6 mm in diameter with a central hollow cavity containing two vertical vittae containing important essential oils.
Coriander seeds can be ready for harvest when the plant turns brown and it’s leaves begin to dry and fall. Immature seeds are light green and taste bitter. To harvest, the crop is cut, tied in small bundles, and sun-dried for several days. Traditionally, and to separate the seeds, either the sheaves are beaten with stick or a lightweight roller is used to wear off the pods.
Coriander essential oil is favored for:
- Aperitif – Coriander essential oil is favored to stimulate the appetite and may be helpful for those suffering from anorexia.
- Analgesic – This oil’s analgesic properties may assist in reducing pain and discomfort such as muscle aches and strains.
- Aphrodisiac – Coriander essential oil has been said to have aphrodisiac-like effects, promoting sexual feelings.
- Nausea – Coriander is used for reducing or alleviating nausea or vomiting.